shoulder plane combined

The three planes described here are based on similar assembly. The key element is using the top of the plane for alignment of the core blocks, and doing this glue-up in two stages. The plane body is kept open for fitting the wedge before the second side is attached.

A mortising plane for leveling hinge gains whose opening is without side air is shown at the top of the photo at right. A simplied shoulder plane, 37° bedding angle and side shaving exit for planing edge joints is in the middle. And at the bottom, a full shoulder plane with skewed blade is shown with the 19th-century Ohio Tool Co. example behind it.

The shoulder plane is a good choice for beginning plane making — good-looking, functional, and hard to mess up. Give it a try.